مواجهه با محتوای خارج عرف جنسی در اینترنت و فضای مجازی و تاثیرات درون روانی بر نوجوانان در شهر تهران، یک مطالعه کیفی

نوع مقاله: علمی ـ پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه جمعیت و سلامت، موسسه مطالعات و مدیریت جامع و تخصصی جمعیت

2 معاون پژوهشی پژوهشکده خانواده دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

این مقاله با هدف واکاوی دیدگاه نوجوانان از تاثیرات درون روانی مواجهه با محتویات خارج عرف جنسی در اینترنت نگارش شده است. به این منظور، تعداد 54 مصاحبه عمقی با دانش‌آموز سنین 18-15 ساله در شهر تهران (25 دختر ، 29 پسر) در خرداد 1395 انجام شد. مصاحبه های عمیق با رویکرد تحلیل محتوای موضوعی از نوع استقرایی تحلیل شدند. این تحقیق نشان داد که مواجهه با محتوای فوق تاثیرات مهم روانشناختی شامل شناختی، روانی و عاطفی دارد. تاثیرات فوق به ترتیب اهمیت عبارت بودند از: 1. افت تحصیلی، 2. آسیب شدید روانشناختی بخصوص دردختران(شامل افسردگی و خودکشی)، 3. تحریک و تهییج جنسی ، 4. بلوغ زودرس و 5. افزایش استرس های روحی. تنها اثر مثبت این مواجهه نیز افزایش معلومات جنسی نام اشاره شد. بنابراین سیاستگذاران سلامت نوجوانان ضروری است که به تغییرات اجتماعی در عصر تکنولوژی ارتباطات شامل دسترسی به اینترنت و فضای مجازی در سنین کودکی و نوجوانی و اثرات روانی و آسیبهای مربوط به آن توجه جدی کنند و مداخلات مناسب طراحی گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Exposure to sexual explicit materials in internet and cyberspace and its intra-psychic influences on adolescents in Tehran; A qualitative study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani 1
  • Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani 2
1 National Population Studies & Comprehensive Management institute
2 Faculty member of Family Research Centre
چکیده [English]

This paper aims to explore the perspectives of adolescents towards the intra-psychic influences of exposure to sexually explicit materials on adolescents. Fifty four in depth interviews were conducted with male and female students aged 15-18 years in the city of Tehran (25 females and 29 males) in May 2016 using purposive sampling method. This study showed that such exposure has important intra-psychic influences on adolescents such as cognitive, psychological and emotional. These influences comprise of: 1. Educational failure, 2. severe psychological vulnerability especially among females (depression and suicide), 3. Sexual excitement and stimulation, 4. Early puberty, and , 5. Increased psychological stress. The only positive influence of such exposure reported by respondents was enhancement of sexual knowledge. Policymakers of adolescent health need to consider social changes in the era of communication technology including access of children and young adolescents to internet and its potential psychological harms to develop appropriate interventions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cyberspace
  • Internet
  • sexual material
  • psychological influences
  • adolescents
  • Tehran
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