اصول اخلاقی در رسانۀ جهانی

نوع مقاله: علمی ـ پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار غرب‏شناسی و علم‎پژوهی پژوهشگاه

چکیده

روابط اجتماعی انسان‎ها مستلزم رعایت اصول اخلاقی است و هرقدر گسترة ارتباطات اجتماعی بیشتر شود، ضرورت تقیّد به اخلاق فضیلت‎مندانه بیشتر خواهدشد. برخی صاحب‎نظران اخلاقی برآن‎اند امروزه تکثر و تنوع فرهنگ‌ها در رسانۀ جهانی موجب‎شده تا نتوان مشترکاتی اخلاقی برای بشریت ترسیم کرد، اما نگارنده در مقالة حاضر از پنج اصل اخلاقی به‌ عنوان حداقل اصول اخلاقی که از ذاتیات و فطریات بشر نشئت گرفته، یاد کرده‎است که می‌توانند پایه‌های مشترک اخلاق جهانی در رسانه‌ها معرفی‎شوند؛ مشترکاتی که با تنوع و تکثر ارزش‎های بومی و محلیِ فرهنگ‌های اخلاقی مختلف نیز منافاتی ندارند؛ اصولی که عبارت‎اند از: کرامت شأن انسانی، آزادی بیان، برابری و عدم تبعیض، وفاق اجتماعی، رفاه جمعی.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Ethical Principles in Global Media

نویسنده [English]

  • Maryam Saneapour
Assistant Professor in Occidental Studies, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies
چکیده [English]

Human social relationship requires adhering to principles of ethics, and the wider the range of communication would be the stronger the need for adhering to virtuous ethics becomes. A number of thinkers in the field of ethics hold that variety and diversity of cultures in today’s world have made it impossible for us to determine any shared ethical principles for humans. However, the author of the present paper believes that there are five fundamental ethical principles, all stemming from the common nature of humans, which can be suggested as the common fundamental ethical principles in global media. These principles, which are not at all at odds with varieties and diversities in ethical cultures of different communities, include: human glory, freedom of speech, equality and non-discrimination, social consensus, and social welfare.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • freedom of speech
  • equality
  • collective welfare
  • human glory
  • social consensus
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